New groundnut varieties increase farmers’ yields in Tanzania

TANZANIA – Groundnut growers in Mpwapwa District, Dodoma Region, have voiced contentment on Mangaka 2009 improved seeds variety developed by Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute-Naliendele (TARI Naliendele) to improve productivity.

Speaking to journalists in the area, the farmers said the variety has high yield potential, drought and disease resilience, as well as early maturity compared to old varieties they rely on.

Mangaka 2009 seed variety is among the 11 new improved groundnuts developed and released by TARI Naliendele. The new varieties are high-yielding, drought tolerant, rosette-tolerant with market preferred traits.

“Mangaka is one of the best for increasing groundnut production in our area, it has proved to be high yielding in our environment, it has better seed quality with market preferred features,” said Prisca Msigala a groundnut grower in Massa Ward, Mpwapwa District.

In 2021, TARI Naliendele provided groundnut farmers in Mpwapwa with four improved groundnut varieties namely Mangaka 2009, Naliendele 2009, Nachi 2015 and an unknown one for field demonstration in their area, said Hussein Bakari, Ward Agricultural Officer.

“After field demonstration, most farmers pointed Mangaka 2009 as the most important variety for increasing groundnut production and they are now calling for sustainable access of seed of improved variety to help them increase crop production in their areas,” he said.

A Research Scientist and National Coordinator of the Groundnut Research Progamme Dr Happy Daudi said the 11 new improved varieties are essential for sustained increase in crop yield against climate change uncertainties.

Some of the varieties include Narinut 2015, Mtwaranut 2016, Tanzanut 2016, Mnanje 2009, Nachingwea 2009, Masasi 2009, Kuchele 2015 and Naliendele 2016.

Dr Happy noted that the Mangaka 2009 seed variety takes 90 to 100 days with an average yield ranging between one to two tonnes per hectare. The seed is more resistant to drought compared to old varieties that were commonly used by farmers in the area.

Meanwhile, farmers in Mpwapwa have requested the research institute to sensitize farmers on  the improved varieties and provide sustainable access to the required seed varieties.

In response, Dr Happy revealed that TARI Naliendele had conducted a similar training targeted at agricultural extension officers in Mpwapwa district, to enable them (extension officer) extend the same knowledge to farmers.

She informed that TARI Naliendele also provides training to farmer groups, hence urged the Mpwapwa farmers to organize themselves in groups so as to enable easy access to training.

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